Utilitarianism is an ethical and political philosophy that states, in the words quoted above from its founder Jeremy Bentham (1789), actions or laws are good if they promote "the greatest happiness of the greatest number", or in other words...
To learn more about this philosophy, watch these two short BBC videos:
The Trolley Problem
Kant vs. Utilitarianism
Then these two 8-bit philosophy videos:
John Stuart Mill
Take basic notes. Finally, in a short post,
a.) define Utilitarianism in your own words using an example, and
b.) take a position on Peter Singer's Utilitarian argument about animal rights in the last video.
Tip - the image below provides a visual summary of the key utilitarian ideas in case you need a refresher after the videos.