TASK: We have studied several ancient philosophies. Which have remained relevant to modern life? Your goal is to choose the most and least relevant philosophies and explain why, OR choose two philosophies that combined provide strong guidance for life today. Be sure to demonstrate a basic understanding of the philosophies discussed, and to include examples that illustrate your points.
Asian: Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism
Athenian: Platonism, Aristotelianism
Hellenistic: Epicureanism, Cynicism, Stoicism
REQUIREMENTS AND GRADING:
-Papers must be 2-3 pages long (11-12 pt font, double spaced, default margins)
-Papers must include and explain a quotation from each philosopher discussed (see here)
-Papers are worth 100 points (25 pts each for Understanding, Argument, Examples, Style)
The last two systems of thought in our Ancient Philosophy unit are Chinese Confucianism and Greek Stoicism. They take opposite perspectives on society as a source of morals and values. Please watch the videos below and add notes on Confucianism and Stoicism to your Unit I section.
-For Confucians, who oppose the nature-based philosophy of Taoism, preserving social order is always the most important thing. This means hierarchy, tradition, loyalty and ritual are key.
-For Stoics, who are inspired by the anti-social thinking of Diogenes, society cannot provide us with satisfaction. Instead of striving for status, we should pursue inner peace at all costs
But despite this difference, Confucianism and Stoicism both emphasize self-control as the way to bring about harmony between individuals and their environment. Which philosophy do you think is more likely to bring about a more harmonious existence if followed today, and why? (Extra credit)