For this weekend's reading, I gave you summarize of four ancient thinkers' ideas on change. Check out these videos as a supplement to the readings, then give your take on the key question: Is change a reality? And if so, is there a purpose behind the change?
-Heraclitus and Parmenides, two pre-Socratic Greek thinkers, argued over whether or not change was an illusion. Heraclitus believed reality essentially was change, while Parmenides thought all time was an illusion caused by the limited human perspective on eternity.
-Laozi, the (possibly mythical) founder of Taoism, agreed with Heraclitus that change was fundamental, but emphasized the Way (Tao), a positive force beyond it all. The Tao gave a purpose to the hange, which played out in natural cycles with which we could harmonize.
-Siddhartha Gotama, the historical Buddha ("awakened one"), took the view that change was only the product of cause-and-effect (karma). There could be no meaning to it, and we would suffer from disappointment until we accepted that all things are impermanent and insubstantial.