We have now introduced three theories or "lenses" for analyzing literature, each of which looks emphasizes a type of power struggle which can occur within individuals, relationships or societies:
I. PSYCHOANALYTIC LENS: Inner Conflicts between Desire (ID) and Law (SUPEREGO)
II. FEMINIST LENS: Interpersonal Conflicts between Male Power ("Patriarchy") and Women's Freedoms
III. POST-COLONIAL LENS: Social and Political Conflicts between Oppressors and Oppressed Groups.
Your job is to take these three lenses and apply each of them to a literary work. So, you'll be reading three works, and then finding a quotable example from each. Type it up, then write write a 2-3 sentence analysis of each quote, applying one of the literary lenses to each. Here are the links and prompts to get you thinking::
1. Flannery O'Connor's Short Story "A Good Man is Hard to Find"
-Psychoanalytic Lens: How does the Misfit exemplify the Id? The Grandmother sees herself as a defender of proper behavior, and so the representative of the Superego, but is she? And why does the story focus so strongly on these two characters? (This is a really good story to bring in the unconscious archetypes of Jung).
2.Walt Whitman's poem "I Hear America Singing"
-Feminist Lens: Women appear near the end of the poem. How are they portrayed in relation to the men? Should a poem about America be equally divided between men and women? Or, on the other hand, is including women in the scene a powerful defense of their equality (considering this was written at a time when they could not vote and therefore were not considered "citizens")?
3.. Langston Hughes's "I ,Too Sing America."
-Post Colonial Lens: Hughes, an African-American poet and playwright, wrote this almost 100 years after Whitman's poem as a response to it. Why do you think he did that? How does he present his position in society as a member of a colonized and devalued race? How does he try to take back his identity and define himself through the language and imagery in the poem?
Post your quotes/analyses in the comments section as a single comment (please number them 1,2 and 3).
If you have any questions, let me know via email and I can help. I'll also post replies to one or two comments
Mr. Justin Biggs