Albert Camus is the most badass of philosophers. Initially a journalist, he became a fighter in the French Resistance against the Nazis. After WWII, he befriended Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, who were part of the rising Existentialist movement that came to dominate intellectual life in France for decades. But Camus disagreed with their ideas. Where they talked about GIVING life a meaning, Camus advocated living life WITHOUT meaning. This makes him sort of a Nihilist (he preferred the term "Absurdist") - and yet his is a philosophy of joy and celebration!
Camus's philosophy begins with what he considers the only question of any real importance:
Given the apparent pointlessness of all human life, why shouldn't we just commit suicide?
He gives his answer in a famous essay based on the Greek Myth of the cursed Sisyphus:
It's worth noting that Camus may have been able to get away with this simple argument because he was quite an attractive man, especially when placed alongside his "frenemy" Jean-Paul Sartre:
YOUR TASK IN THE COMMENTS IS TO EXPLAIN THEIR PHILOSOPHICAL DEBATE, THOUGH. IN OTHER WORDS, HOW IS CAMUS REJECTING SARTRE'S EXISTENTIALIST IDEAS HERE???